Since 1999, various project teams at Graz University of Technology have conducted several research projects on Buddhist Architecture in the Western Himalayas. These projects focused on sacred buildings, which remain of the Kingdom of Purang-Guge that represented the political and religious power in the Western Himalaya between the 10th and 15th century.
Our aim is to compile an accurate documentation of significant buildings, which will form the basis for an inventory, the detailed building analyses and the preservation of this unique cultural heritage.
The area of the Western Himalaya today covers parts of Pakistan, India, China/Tibet and Nepal. Since the beginning of the 10th century, this region played an important role regarding the spread of Buddhism from India to Tibet. The monasteries acted as centers of the doctrine, in which the translation of texts of Mahayana Buddhism from Sanskrit into Tibetan and the development of Buddhist art laid the foundation for the Tibetan Buddhism.