Buddhist
Architecture
in the Western
Himalayas
Eastern view of the ruin. Neuwirth 2004
South-western view of the ruin. Auer 2004
Southern view of the ruin. Auer 2004
South-eastern view. Neuwirth 2004
North-western inside wall. Neuwirth 2004
Details of the north-western inside wall. Neuwirth 2004
South-western inside wall. Neuwirth 2004
North-eastern inside wall. Neuwirth 2004

The temple ruin of Basgo

Coordinates of the site: 34°12'44.89" northern latitude and 77°17'41.91" eastern longitude, at an altitude of 3157 meters.

The village of Basgo is located about 26.5 kilometres (airline) west of Leh, on the northern bank of the Indus River. The village consists of about 150 houses and an imposing castle on the top of the hill. Basgo was once the centre of the West Ladakh Kingdom that existed for about 400 years. The temple ruin lies next to the main road in the eastern part of the village.The remains of the building consist of a square hall which is flanked by two closed rooms on each side of the entrance. The inside walls preserve plugholes and halo remains. The preserved plaster modelling of the circular halos and their relation to the wooden supports of the statues can be compared best to the mid-11th century sculptures of the Tabo Assembly Hall. A further contrasting juxtaposition to constructions found in other western Himalayan sites such as Tabo, Nako, Lalung and the Alchi group of monuments make possible to attribute this temple ruin to the mid or the second half of the 11th century.

Cf. Luczanits: The early Buddhist heritage of Ladakh reconsidered, in: Ladakhi Histories. Local and Regional Perspectives, ed. by John Bray, Leiden-Botston: Brill 2005.

2D Plans

Floor plan of the ruin

Sections of the ruin

South-eastern and south-western elevation

North-western and north-eastern elevation

3D Model

Spatial model from above

Spatial model from the east

South-eastern elevation

South-western elevation

North-western elevation

North-eastern elevation

Eastern view

South-western view

Northern view

South-eastern view

Inside walls

Southern inside corner

Montages

South-western inside wall

North-western inside wall

North-eastern inside wall


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