The smaller temple ruin of Sumda Chen
Coordinates of the site: 34° 6’44.59″ northern latitude and 77° 5’43.51″ eastern longitude, at an altitude of 3884 meters.
The village of Sumda Chen is located about 45 kilometres (airline) west of Leh. The village can be reached following the road along the lower Zanskar River, six kilometres south-west of Sumda Chung. Near the village of Sumda Chung two ruins of early temples can be found. One temple ruin is situated on the southern side of the village and is more widely known because of its wooden sculptures including an image of Maitreya. The ruins of the second, smaller temple are located about half a kilometre east outside the village, on a small rock formation on the northern hill slope. It consists of a square room with fragments of a lantern ceiling and a few preserved mural fragments. The former interior space was 4.23 metres long and 4.05 metres wide, with a height of about 3.1 metres. The entrance once faced southeast. On the northern wall a lion console that supported the painted lantern ceiling is still preserved, although not in a good condition. The walls on the northern side of the temple ruin were added later, probably to stabilize the structure.
Cf. Luczanits, Christian. 2004. Buddhist Sculpture in Clay: Early Western Himalayan Art, late 10th to early 13th centuries. Chicago: Serindia Publications, p. 175.